The Prophet (S.A.W) has said, “Islam is based upon five pillars” these being:
To become a Muslim you have to firmly believe in your heart and declare the Kalima Shahadah by tongue. The translation which means that there is no God but Allah (S.W.T), Muhammed (S.A.W) is the Final Messenger of Allah (S.W.T).
Prayer is the most essential obligatory duty which a Muslim must perform. Salat is a means of remembering Allah (S.W.T). There are 5 daily prayers.
Zakat is an annual payment made so that that a wealth of a person may be purified. Zakat becomes due on savings which have been kept for a year. 2.5% of the total money is given to those who are poor and needy.
Fasting is to refrain from eating, drinking and sexual act from dawn to sunset.
It is compulsory on Muslims who can afford the expenses and are physically able to undertake the journey. It is obligatory only once in a Muslim’s life.